General reports or researches
World Migration report 2022
IOM’s responsibility to provide an objective and balanced account of migration globally has never been more important. Not only is the political salience of migration high, and frequently fevered, but the capacity for rapidly disseminating disinformation to influence the public discourse has expanded. As the United Nations’ migration agency, IOM has an obligation to demystify the complexity and diversity of human mobility. The report also acknowledges IOM’s continuing emphasis on fundamental rights and its mission to support those migrants who are most in need. This is particularly relevant in the areas in which IOM works to provide humanitarian assistance to people who have been displaced, including by weather events, conflict and persecution, or to those who have become stranded during crises.
Interactive World Migration Report 2022 (iom.int)
UNICEF’s appeal for work and targets for the refugee and migrant response in Europe.
This 2021 edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting refugee and migrant girls and boys in Europe; the strategies that we are using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response. The document highlights some facts and figures about the situation of migrants and refugees in Europe, sets out the specific needs resulting from this crisis and designs some key targets and possible strategy to address it.
Refugee and Migrant Crisis in Europe Appeal | UNICEF
Refugees and migrants in times of COVID-19: mapping trends of public health and migration policies and practices, World Health Organization
Published in June 2021, the study stresses how health is a major challenge faced by the refugee population, both on short and long term. The WHO provides an overview of the complex nexus of public health and migration policies amid the COVID-19 pandemic with the aim to inform policymakers on how the needs of refugees and migrants have been addressed in response to the pandemic. Based on the mapping of policies and practices, the report goes on presenting policy considerations for an integrated approach to migration and public health to facilitate international dialogue and knowledge sharing around the health needs of refugees and migrants and how to address them.
Refugees and migrants in times of COVID-19: mapping trends of public health and migration policies and practices (who.int)
Cultural education and inclusion
The role of culture and the arts in the integration of migrants and refugees
A study by Elaine McGregor and Nora Ragab on behalf of the European Expert Network on Culture and Audiovisual (EENCA) was published in February 2016. The goal of this research is to determine the role and contribution of arts and culture with regard to the process of integration of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers into European societies. It provides a specific mapping of already existing initiatives while further analyzing the possible improvements that would benefit such projects and contribute to a better inclusion of the target group.
The Role of Culture and the Arts in the Integration of Refugees and Migrants – UNU Migration Network
Integration of young refugees in the EU: good practices and challenges, 2019, issued by the European union agency for fundamental rights (FRA)
The report explored the challenges of young people who fled armed conflict or persecution and arrived in the EU in 2015 and 2016. Focusing on several interconnected factors for a successful integration such as asylum procedures, family reunification, mental health, or education and vocational training, the study provides a review of refugees experiences and the quality of the policies implemented in those fields by national or European public organizations.
Integration of young refugees in the EU: good practices and challenges | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (europa.eu)
MMICD Urban Development Toolkit
The Toolkit is part of a series of tools developed under the MMICD project funded by the EU. The aim of this Toolkit is to provide concise, operational, and user-friendly information and tools to help international cooperation and development actors to integrate migration into urban development programs and projects. It was developed in partnership with UN-Habitat and will be formally launched in early 2022 following a piloting process.
For more information about the Toolkit, please follow the link here below:
Looking at Labour Mobility Initiatives From the Private Sector Perspective: Key Lessons Learned
The present report presents a summary of the views expressed by companies from the private sector established in the four EU Member States participating to the MATCH project which seeks to address workforce challenges by enabling young professionals from Nigeria and Senegal to work for companies in Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg or the Netherlands.
The perspectives of the private sector were gathered through on-line awareness raising sessions and dedicated workshops aiming at highlighting the benefits of legal pathways for migration and skills partnerships with Africa.
Careful listening and dialogue with companies allowed the project partners to better understand the concerns and motivations of companies in joining a project such as the MATCH project. Together with surveys and data collection, exchanges with companies are also deemed to be essential to follow closely the evolution of the labor market and stay agile to unexpected developments.
For more information about the report, please follow the link below:
The Power of Contact: Designing, Facilitating and Evaluating Social Mixing Activities to Strengthen Migrant Integration and Social Cohesion Between Migrants and Local Communities – A Review of Lessons Learned
Facilitating the “meaningful social mixing” of people of different backgrounds is an increasingly important tenet of mainstream programming and policies aimed at promoting migrant inclusion and broader social cohesion at the local, national and even global levels.
This guidance note aims to provide project managers and developers, as well as event organizers and facilitators, with guidance in fostering migrant integration and social cohesion through social mixing activities.
The increased interaction and mixing of people from different backgrounds can cultivate trust and decrease prejudice under the right circumstances. Through meaningful social mixing in both the face-to-face and digital worlds, migrants and host communities can develop stronger positive social connections, allowing for a shift away from xenophobic and anti-migrant attitudes.
For more information about this publication, please follow the link here below:
No “us versus them”: why equitable inclusion of all migrants in COVID-19 vaccine plans is essential
COVID-19 has demonstrated that viruses not only know no borders, but they also do not discriminate based on immigration status. Failing to take migrants into account in our vaccination efforts would hamper the effectiveness of these campaigns and make it difficult to end the pandemic.
To read the article, please follow the link below:
Global Migration and Local Integration: The European Refugee Crisis
This is an excerpt from Varieties of European Subsidiarity: A Multidisciplinary
This chapter draws on general implications of the subsidiarity concept. Due to the paradoxical nature of migration policy, subsidiarity aspects of European asylum and migration policy can be examined along two dimensions:
First, by looking at the EU’s integrated border management as an illustration of external (or internationalized) subsidiarity between the member states; and second, by highlighting its internal dimension in the case of the Lampedusa refugee disaster in terms of local integration policy.
Both examples show that the practice of subsidiarity pushes an otherwise narrow political-institutional construct towards a wider sociological usage.
You can find the article in the link here below:
SIRIUS: LESSONS LEARNED AND BEST PRACTICES REPORT (WP7 REPORT)
The Sirius project has issued its ‘Lessons Learned and Best Practices’ report which highlights key findings about barriers and enablers of labor market integration of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers in the seven countries studied in the project: the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Italy, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
The report, written by Sirius team member Dr Maria Mexi, at the University of Geneva, unveils how factors located at three levels of analysis, macro (policy), meso (social partners and civil society) and micro (individual agency), combine to obstruct or support newcomers’ integration in European labor markets.
You can find the PDF, in the link here below:
THE ROLE OF SOCIAL PARTNERS IN LABOUR MARKET INTEGRATION OF MIGRANTS AND REFUGEES IN EUROPE: POLICY LESSONS FROM THE SIRIUS RESEARCH
Social partners play a key role in labor market dynamics as they contribute towards determining the policy and legal frameworks that shape labor markets. Therefore, an examination of social partners’ understanding of the newcomers’ capacities and their appreciation of opportunities and challenges to be addressed is unavoidable in any research willing to understand how to facilitate unlocking the employment potential of third country nationals, being these migrants, refugees or asylum applicants
Therefore, in this policy brief we present evidence and policy considerations about the role social partners and social dialogue play in labor market integration of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers, with the aim to present the views of trade unions and employers representatives concerning barriers or enablers of post-2014 MRAs integration in European labor markets across the seven countries studied in SIRIUS (Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Italy, Switzerland and the United Kingdom).
You can find the policy brief, please follow the link below:
IntegrAction: Socio-economic integration of refugees and asylum seekers
The IntegrAction project promotes the social and economic inclusion of refugees and asylum seekers within the context of local-level reception across Europe. It does this through the provision of innovative tools that improve the linguistic, socio-professional and entrepreneurship competences of these individuals and by stimulating their active participation in their new local communities.
The project is implemented through partners in four different member state countries: Italy, Greece, Finland and Germany.
For more information about the project, please follow the link here below:
How Refugees’ Stereotypes Toward Host Society Members Predict Acculturation Orientations: The Role of Perceived Discrimination
Refugee migration leads to increased diversity in host societies and refugees have to face many stereotyped attitudes in the host society. However, there has been little research on minority group stereotypes toward host society members and how these stereotypes relate to the acculturation-relevant attitudes of refugees in their first phase of acculturation.
The study extends knowledge on the significance of minority group stereotypes in the context of refugee migration and reveals the maladaptive consequences of discriminatory behavior against refugees by host society members.
You can find the study in the link here below:
New to the EU? SIRIUS wants to make sure you get the job you deserve
Migrants are still frequent victims of a system that misjudges them based on their legal status. The EU-funded SIRIUS project has been tackling this issue with a new web-based application, policy analysis and awareness campaigns. Thanks to the project’s research, migrants are now better armed to face the labor market.
You can find more information, in the link here below:
Migrants and refugees are asked to integrate: But what does integration actually mean? The politics of integration: adjusting to new lives in host societies.
SIRIUS Working Paper series
By Michelle Pace and Dogus Simsek
This paper outlines the academic debates on the topic of migrant and refugee integration. Given the diversity of migratory statuses, experiences and conditions around the world, they argue that the concept of integration needs to be carefully unpacked and contextualized. In rethinking integration, they contend that integration is not just about macro-level policy-making decisions, meso-level implementation or political discourses on these. A conception of integration must also include the perspective of those that are being told that they have to integrate. They therefore pay particular attention to the aspirations, experiences and actions of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers (MRAs), whether “integration” is a concept they think about, how “integration” is interpreted by these targeted subjects and how the diverse nature of migrants and their multiple characteristics shape integration opportunities and challenges.
You can find the paper in the link here below:
Despite Positive Efforts, Too Many Migrants Face Challenges Accessing COVID-19 Vaccines
Geneva – Government policies, operational realities and administrative requirements like identification cards and residency permits may be impeding access to national vaccination efforts for some migrants in 53 of the more than 160 countries where the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has collected information on access so far. Irregular and undocumented migrants and those forcibly displaced are at particular risk.
“What we are seeing in some cases is a disconnection between what is being committed to on paper and what is actually happening in practice.”
For more information please follow the link below:
WORLD MIGRATION REPORT 2020
IOM’s responsibility to provide an objective and balanced account of migration globally has never been more important. Not only is the political salience of migration high, and frequently fevered, but the capacity for rapidly disseminating disinformation to influence the public discourse has expanded.
As the United Nations’ migration agency, IOM has an obligation to demystify the complexity and diversity of human mobility. The report also acknowledges IOM’s continuing emphasis on fundamental rights and its mission to support those migrants who are most in need. This is particularly relevant in the areas in which IOM works to provide humanitarian assistance to people who have been displaced, including by weather events, conflict and persecution, or to those who have become stranded during crises.
You can find the report, in the link here below:
Working Together for Local Integration of Migrants and Refugees
This report describes what it takes to formulate a place-based approach to integration through concerted efforts across levels of government as well as between state and non-state actors. It draws on both quantitative evidence, from a statistical database, and qualitative evidence from a survey of 72 cities. These include nine large European cities (Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Berlin, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Paris, Rome and Vienna) and one small city in Germany (Altena), which are the subject of in-depth case studies. The report also presents a 12-point checklist, a tool that any city or region – in Europe, the OECD or beyond – can use to work across levels of government and with other local actors in their efforts to promote more effective integration of migrants.
Published on April 18, 2018.
Local inclusion of Migrants and Refugees: a gateway to existing ideas, resources and capacities for cities across the world
The Guidance for Local inclusion of Migrants and Refugees is a multi-dimensional support to local authorities for mainstreaming migrant and refugee integration across their day-to-day work and progress towards SDGs objectives as inclusive and flourishing cities. This report is the result of a multi-stakeholder collaboration between several international organisations and cities coalitions, and provides practical advice on how to improve cities policies for integration while ensuring social cohesion.
Report launched on 25 January 2021.
Action plan on Integration and Inclusion 2021-2027, European Commission
Language education for refugees and migrants: Multiple case studies from the Greek context
The aim of this study is to probe into the methods, approaches, and principles used in educational environments, both formal and non-formal ones, throughout Greece that address immigrants’ and refugees’ language needs. The data were collected in the context of the Postgraduate Programme ”Language Education for Refugees and Migrants” at the Hellenic Open University.
Everybody wants a refugee on stage: Conversations around contemporary artistic engagement with migration
Arts and Refugees: Multidisciplinary Perspectives
How culture and the arts can promote intercultural dialogue in the context if the migratory and refugee crisis
Cultural Education, Radhika Kapur
Education Talks: Why cultural education matters
New immigrants. An incentive for intercultural education?
The Inclusion of Migrants and Refugees: The Role of Cultural Organisations Maria Vlachou (coord.)
Museums working with refugees and migrants
Ensuring Human Rights of All Migrants, Social Inclusion and Non-Discrimination in the Global Compact
Together in the EU. Promoting the participation of migrants and their descendants
Integration that Values Diversity – Exploring a Model for Current Migration Dynamics
Higher Education for Third Country National and Refugee Integration in Southern Europe
Inclusive Education: What It Means, Proven Strategies, and a Case Study
Building inclusive and cohesive societies through education and culture is a priority for the Commission.
Migrants and refugees
Intégration des migrants
World Migration Report 2020